The Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of the Government of Ethiopia are governed under the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia adopted in 1995. The Constitution established a federation of nine National Regional States drawn along the lines of Ethiopia’s major ethno-linguistic nations and nationalities along with two chartered cities (Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa). The nine Regional States include: Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, Harar, Oromia, Somali, SNNPNRS (in full the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ National Regional State) and Tigray.
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is led by the Prime Minister, who selects all the remaining ministers in the Cabinet, also known as the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is designated by the party which wins a majority of seats in the 547-seat lower House of People’s Representatives (HoPR) which is elected for five-year terms in single-seat constituencies. The bicameral Federal Parliamentary Assembly is constituted by both the HoPR and the upper House of Federation (HoF) made up of 112 members elected by the State Councils. The HoPR also elects the President of Ethiopia, the country’s Head of State, who serves in six-year terms.
The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), the party currently in government, is a coalition of parties formed of four political parties (Amhara Democratic Party [ADP], Oromo Democratic Party [ODP], Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement [SEPDM], Tigray Peoples Liberation Front [TPLF]) and five affiliated regional parties.
The EPRDF affiliated umbrella parties include the Afar National Democratic Party (ANDP), Ethiopian Somali People’s Democratic Party (ESPDP), Harari National League (HNL), Benishangul/Gumuz Peoples Democratic Unity Front (BGPDUF) and Gambella Peoples Democratic Party (GPDP).
Members of the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia:
|Abiy Ahmed (PhD)||Prime Minister|
|Demeke Mekonnen||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Gedu Andargachew||Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Muferiat Kamil||Minister of Peace|
|Kene’a Yadeta (PhD)||Minister of Defense|
|Getahun Mekuria (PhD)||Minister of Education|
|Omer Husen||Minister of Agriculture|
|Ahmed Shide||Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation|
|Lia Tadesse (PhD)||Minister of Health|
|Dagmawit Moges||Minister of Transport|
|Aisha Mohammed||Minister of Urban Development and Construction|
|Samuel Urkato (PhD)||Minister of Science and Higher Education|
|Filsen Abdulahi||Minister of Women, Children and Youth|
|Melaku Alebel||Minister of Trade and Industry|
|Sileshi Bekele (PhD)||Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy|
|Takele Uma||Minister of Mines and Petroleum|
|Hirut Kassaw (PhD)||Minister of Culture and Tourism|
|Ergoge Tesfaye (PhD)||Minister of Labour and Social Affairs|
|Lake Ayalew||Ministry of Revenue|
|Abraham Belay (PhD)||Minister of Innovation and Technology|
|Fitsum Assefa (PhD)||Minister of Planning and Development Commission|
|Gedion Timothewos (PhD)||Attorney General with the Rank of Minister|
|Hirut Woldemariam (PhD)||Social Sector Advisor to the Prime Minister with the Rank of Minister|
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