The Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of the Government of Ethiopia are governed under the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia adopted in 1995. The Constitution established a federation of nine National Regional States drawn along the lines of Ethiopia’s major ethno-linguistic nations and nationalities along with two chartered cities (Addis Ababa/Finfinne and Dire Dawa). The nine Regional States include: Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, Harar, Oromia, Somali, SNNPNRS (in full the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ National Regional State) and Tigray.
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is led by the Prime Minister, who selects all the remaining ministers in the Cabinet, also known as the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is designated by the party which wins a majority of seats in the 547-seat lower House of People’s Representatives (HoPR) which is elected for five-year terms in single-seat constituencies. The bicameral Federal Parliamentary Assembly is constituted by both the HoPR and the upper House of Federation (HoF) made up of 112 members elected by the State Councils. The HoPR also elects the President of Ethiopia, the country’s Head of State, who serves in six-year terms.
The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), the party currently in government, is a coalition of parties formed of four political parties (Amhara National Democratic Movement [ANDM], Oromo People’s Democratic Organisation [OPDO], Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement [SEPDM], Tigray Peoples Liberation Front [TPLF]) and five affiliated regional parties.
The EPRDF affiliated umbrella parties include the Afar National Democratic Party (ANDP), Ethiopian Somali People’s Democratic Party (ESPDP), Harari National League (HNL), Benishangul/Gumuz Peoples Democratic Unity Front (BGPDUF) and Gambella Peoples Democratic Party (GPDP).
Members of the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia:
|Mulatu Teshome (PhD) (OPDO/EPRDF)||President|
|Abiy Ahmed (PhD) (OPDO/EPRDF)||Prime Minister|
|Demeke Mekonnen (ANDM/EPRDF)||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Workneh Gebeyehu (PhD) (OPDO/EPRDF)||Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Uba Mohammed (ESPDP)||Minister of Communication and Information Technology|
|Motuma Mekassa (OPDO/EPRDF)||Minister of Defense|
|Tilaye Gete (PhD) (ANDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Education|
|Shiferaw Shigute (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Agriculture and Livestock|
|Kebede Chane (ANDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Federal Affairs and Pastoralist Area Development|
|Abreham Tekesete (PhD) (TPLF/EPRDF)||Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation|
|Amir Aman (PhD) (ANDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Health|
|Ambachew Mekonnen (PhD) (ANDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Industry|
|Siraj Fegessa (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Transport|
|Jantrar Abay (ANDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Urban Development and Housing|
|Gemeda Dole (PhD) (OPDO/EPRDF)||Minister of Environment, Forest Development, and Climate Change|
|Getahun Mekuria (PhD) (Eng.) (OPDO/EPRDF)||Minister of Science and Technology|
|Tagese Chafo (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Public Service and Human Resource|
|Yealem Tsegaye (TPLF/EPRDF)||Minister of Women and Children Affairs|
|Melaku Alebel (ANDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Trade|
|Sileshi Bekele (PhD) (Eng.) (no party affiliation)||Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity|
|Meles Alemu (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas|
|Fozia Amin (OPDO/EPRDF)||Minister of Culture and Tourism|
|Teshome Toga (Ambassador) (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of State Enterprises|
|Hirut Woldemariam (PhD) (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Labour and Social Affairs|
|Restu Yirdaw (SEPDM/EPRDF)||Minister of Youth and Sports|
|Berhanu Tsegaye (OPDO/EPRDF)||Attorney General with the rank of Minister|
|Ahmed Shide (ESPDP)||Head of Government Communication Affairs Office (GCAO) with the rank of Minister|
|Umar Hussein (OPDO/EPRDF)||Director General of Ethiopian Revenues & Customs Authority (ERCA) with the rank of Minister|
|Asmelash Woldeselassie (TPLF/EPRDF)||Chief Government Whip at the House of People’s Representatives with the rank of Minister|
|Yinager Desie (ANDM/EPRDF)||Commissioner of National Plan Commission with the rank of Minister|
|Fetlework Gebregziabher (TPLF/EPRDF)||Chief Coordinator at Democratic System Building Coordination Centre with the rank of Minister|
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